UPDATED Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys Marianna FL Were There Two Cemeteries One For White Boys and One For Colored Boys Influenced by the KKK ?

UPDATED April 17th, 2014

U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson said that there have been at least 50 graves discovered  and there could be many more in unmarked areas used to bury African-American  boys “Is there another cemetery” he said Friday June 14th, 2013. There is no way in hell that Black Boys and White Boys were burried in the same Cemetary get real Marianna Fl was a hot bed of KKK activity from early 1900 up to and including the 1990’s.
  As a long time resident and business owner in Panama City Fl before moving to Sarasota Fl, I had several investigative cases in and around Marianna Fl, I got a good taste of the mind set of the residents.  For several years I have worked in conjunction wiith the White House Boys in getting their story out to the public, in doing so I have had over 30 phone interviews with past “inmates” at the Dozier School for Boys.  In each and every one of these phone interviews the story was always the same, beatings, rape and young boys who went to the “White House” and were never seen again. It is what it is and the FBI should be on the ground along with USF Prof Dr. Kimmerle and her team investigating the possible murders and civil rights violations of the boys at the Dozier School in Marianna Fl.
Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School, questions still remain about individuals buried at the Dozier “Boot Hill” Cemetery, herein referred to as the “School Cemetery,” on the North Side or “Number 2” side and was there a second Cemetery on the South Side or “Number 1”?

The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) report of May 14th, 2009 indicates that 10 persons died in a 1914 School fire, another 21 individuals (6 had no death certificate issued) are listed (from 1919 to 1952) to have died from a variety of injuries, murder or sickness and found to have been buried (31) in the School’s Cemetery through documentation in the School ledgers, The Yellow Jacket newspaper, and death certificates.


TAMPA TRIBUNE 12/11/2012….”We’ve always known the day would come when this type of information would come out,” said Bryant E. Middleton, who was sent to Dozier in 1959. “And to me, it’s going to provide some closure, it’s going to provide some emotional relief, and a lot of satisfaction knowing there is a good chance now that state employees who perpetrated these crimes against these children may be held accountable.”

Jerry Cooper, sent to the reform school in 1961, also praised the USF investigation. “We have been on the right purpose here all along, and that’s why we’re not going to stop,” Cooper said. “We want to know what happened to these kids.” Children were originally committed to the school for serious criminal offenses, but state law was later amended to include those convicted of minor incidents such as truancy.

Middleton and Cooper are among the so-called “White House Boys,” a group of men who claim they were lashed unmercifully with a leather strap in a cottage known on the campus as the “White House” in the 1950s and ’60s. Cooper said he barely survived a 135-lash beating in the White House. Inmates also told of rape, isolation, hog-tying and other atrocities. Some said they saw boys led away, never to return. And they remembered a graveyard, eventually grown-over and containing 31 unmarked crosses made of pipe.

Find A Grave” source indicates that there are supposed to be 65 bodies buried at the Florida Industrial School for Boys, the names are individually listed see link click here, this source indicates that 15 boys died between 1932 to 1936, 3 were White Boys and 12 were “Colored boys”, C/M indicates Colored Male;
1).  Brinson, James 45678576  C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School
2).  Buckley, Joshua 45678920 C/M d. 1935 Florida Industrial School…
3).  Cato, Robert 45669559 C/M d. Feb. 24, 1935 Florida Industrial School…
4). Denson, Jesse 45678747 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School…
5). Hammond, James (Joseph) 45669658 C/M d. May 2, 1936 Florida Industrial School
6). Harrell, Lonnie 45678483 W/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School…
7). Heading, Willie 45678614 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School…
8). Huff, Grady 45669604 W/M d. Mar. 4, 1935 Florida Industrial School…
9). Nelson, Richard 45669478 C/M d. Feb. 23, 1935 Florida Industrial School…
10). Nipper, Sam 45678650 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School…
11). Pender, Dary 45678809 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School…
12). Shaw, Archie 45678881 C/M d. 1932 Florida Industrial School
13). Smith, Lee 45669267 C/M d. Jan. 5, 1932 Florida Industrial School…  
14). Stephens, Joe 45669369 C/M d. May 9, 1932 Florida Industrial School…
15). Vanadoe, Thomas 45669415 W/M d. Oct. 26, 1934 Florida Industrial School…
The FDLE Report indicates that from 1932 to 1936 only 7 boys died, 5 “Colored Males” and 2 White Males at the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School facility.
1). Lee Smith C/M 01/05/1932
2). Joe Stephens C/M 05/09/1932 Flu
3). Thomas Varnadoe W/M 10/26/1934 Pneumonia
4). Richard Nelson C/M 02/23/1935 Influenza Baltzell Hospital,
5). Robert Cato C/M 02/24/1935 Influenza Baltzell Hospital,
6). Grady Huff W/M 03/04/1935 Illness/Cemetery Miller Davidson
7). James (Joseph) Hammond C/M 05/02/1936
Florida Industrial School for Boys, Grave Search Results, Records 1 of 65 total matches.  Cemetery notes and/or descriptionThis small field is located in the woods on the present grounds of the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys, a state juvenile correction facility. Originally known as the Florida State Reform School (Established in 1900) and later the Florida Industrial School for Boys, the institution has a notorious reputation as an abusive place in its earlier years, complete with a torture chamber known as the “White House”. The cemetery was active from about 1914 to 1952. Since death certificates were not required prior to 1917 and subsequent records are not complete, it is not known how many people are interred here. State Investigators believe at least 81 are buried here and at another location about 500 yards to the north.
The argument for two locations is bolstered by the fact that it was not the custom in the days when the cemetery was active to bury whites and coloreds at the same site (The races were segregated at this facility). 31 metal crosses were erected at this location near extant shallow indentations in the ground in 1996 to replace concrete/rebar crosses from the 1960’s that had been removed and stored near the site…It is believed wooden crosses or no markers were originally employed…
It appears from the FDLE investigation and information obtained from School records that both white and “colored boys” were buried in the same cemetary, this does not ring true in the Deep South from 1919 to 1952, especially in Marianna Fl where an active KKK chapter was in operation up until the mid 1960’s. Get real here, the colored boys at Dozier Shool had a separate dinning hall and dorm from the white boys  for over 50 some years, do you really think that they would have been ‘allowed’ to bury white boys and colored boys in the same cemetery while the folks in Marianna were hanging a black man from a tree in the town square, yeah right!
 KKK activism increased as a reaction against the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Among the more notorious murders by Klan members in Florida are; Marianna Daily Times-Courier, Marianna Fl, October 26, 1934. “Big Preparation Made for Lynching Tonight” of the Negro Claude Neal.

Dozier School for Boys guard, Troy Elmer Tidwell was 10 years old and living in Marianna Fl when Claude Neal (Mr. Neal appears to have been innocent of any crimes and was hung and mutilated just for being “black”) was lynched in Marianna by the “Lynch Committee of Six,”, “Men, women, and children were numbered in the vast throng that came to witness the lynching.

It is reported from reliable sources that the little children, some of them mere tots, who lived in the Greenwood neighborhood, waited with sharpened sticks for the return of Neal’s body and that when it rolled in the dust on the road that awful night these little children drove their weapons deep into the flesh of the dead man”.  Claude Neal’s body was hung to a tree on the northeast corner of the Marianna courthouse square and left hanging for over 24 hours.
It is a matter of fact that young boys, both white and colored, were raped and tortured at the Dozier School for Boys in Marianna Fl, at least 65 ended up dead. During the time frame of 1932 to 1936 there were reported to be 12 young  ‘colored boys’ who died of “Pneumonia” at the Dozier School for Boys in Marianna Fl.  On October 26th, 1934 the ‘colored man’ Claude Neal was brutally tortured and lynched in Marianna Fl by the KKK and his body was left hanging to a tree in the Marianna Town Square for 24 hours, so what really happened to those ‘colored boys’ at Dozier?

TIME MAGAZINE; RACES: They Done Me Wrong, Monday, Nov. 05, 1934.
ACTUAL NEWSPAPER NOTICE..NEGRO LYNCHING..Macon (Georgia) Telegraph, and in the Marianna Daily Times-Courier October 26, 1934. “Big Preparation Made for Lynching Tonight“.GREENWOOD, Fla., Oct. 26—Local citizens have been preparing all day for the lynching of a negro scheduled to take place here tonight. This morning a mob seized Claude Neal, 23, from a jail in Brewton, Ala., where he had been held in connection with the murder of white girl which took place here several days ago. At noon a “Committee of Six” representing the mob announced a timetable for the lynching which was given in newspapers and over the radio as follows:  At sundown the negro will be taken to the farm two miles from here where Miss Lola Cannidy, the murder victim, lived. There he will be mutilated by the girl’s father. Then he will be brought to a pig-pen in the middle of a cotton field nearby, where the girl’s body was found, and killed. Finally his body will be brought to Marianna, the county seat, nine miles from here, and hung in the court house square for all to see. The negro is presently being held at an undisclosed location in a swamp along the Chattahoochee River, not far from the Cannidy farm.

All white folks are invited to the party,” said the announcement issued by the mob’s Committee of Six. (See notation of the “timetable” published in the Marianna Daily Times-Courier, before the murder of Clude Neal) As a result, thousands of citizens have been congregating all afternoon at the Cannidy farm. Bonfires have been started, piles of sharp sticks have prepared (FOR THE CHILDREN), knives have been sharpened and one woman has displayed a curry-comb with which she promises to torture the negro.
While the Marianna Fl, (Claude Neal), lynching in 1934 may have been the last “spectacle” lynching in the nation, many other lynchings of a less publicized nature would follow. In fact, Marianna would be the site of another lynching less than 10 years later when Dozier School for Boys sadistic guard Troy Tidwell was now 20, the KKK also had a large pressence in Marianna Fl that appears to still influence the area….

October 2, 2008, Marianna teacher ‘told students that ‘CHANGE’ stood for’ NIGGER…According to parents and students in Greg Howard’s seventh-grade social studies class, Howard on Friday, Sept. 26 asked the class a question regarding Obama’s call for change, and proceeded to write out what the letters C-H-A-N-G-E stood for.

“She told me that he wrote on the board ‘Can You Help A Nigger Get Elected’, and then laughed about it,” said Shelia Christian, a mother of one of Howard’s students. Marianna Teacher Greg Howard was suspended without pay for 10 days, was relieved of his football coaching duties, and will be transferred to the Jackson County Adult Education program, according to the Jackson County.

The nature of Klan influence in Florida communities, showing how it joined forces with politicians, religious institutions, and especially police departments, giving its crusades for “law and order” credibility. Even after its heyday of the 1920s, Klansmen in many communities continued to serve as poll watchers in contested elections, state investigators into racial crimes, key contributors and supporters of important politicians, and especially as regular and deputized members of police forces.

As late as 1952, a Grand Dragon (state president) spoke to the Florida Sheriff’s Association where he received applause for condemning an assassinated civil rights worker as a troublemaker and the FDLE expects the general public believe that both white and ‘colored” boys are buried in the same graveyard at the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School facility????
In the early years, the Arthur G. Dozier School for Boys in Marianna, Florida also known as the Florida State Reform School facility was located on almost 1400 acres and periodically housed male and female students who were as young as six years old. Many of these students were committed to the facility for minor offenses, such as “incorrigibility” or “truancy.” “White” and “Colored” students were segregated from one another until 1968. The School had two campuses- the South Side or “Number 1” side for the white students and the North Side or “Number 2” side for colored students. The School’s North Side campus, where the cemetery was located, was permanently closed between 1990 and 1991.
Bill Warner Private Investigator, SEX, CRIME, CHEATERS & TERRORISM at www.wbipi.com .